What do we learn at a Standard First Aid Course? (Recap)

Last weekend, I completed and passed my Standard First Aid Course. My course spanned over two days, approximately 8 hours on each day. I feel that the course can be shortened if the trainers did not dwell so much on their personal stories (which some were not very relevant and I suspect exaggerations…).

I will be receiving the license shortly which will allow me to provide basic first aid for two years, afterwhich I will have to attend and pass a refresher course to renew my license every two years. I strongly encourage anyone reading this post to attend one! Who knows, you may be able to save the lives of your loved ones during an emergency.


Theory

The total number of slides I received was 212. Sounds daunting but trust me it is not that difficult! I have summarised the key points that you have to know before taking the Theory Test below. The test typically consists of 30 MCQs.

Things to know and memorise:
– First Aid is a form of emergency care/treatment to anyone who is injured or suddenly ill, before the arrival of doctor/nurse/paramedic. (Non-invasive treatment only!)
Reduce contact with body fluids: PPE > Gloves > Plastic bags > Bare Hands (To wash thoroughly afterwards!)
Primary Survey: “DRSABC” (AKA Doctors ABC) [This is very important as it will be tested in both theory and practical. D for Danger, R for Response, S for Shout, A for AED, B for breathing, C for Continuous Chest Compressions]
Recovery Position [To remember that if victim is breathing and unconscious, we have to put them in the recovery position to keep airway open until the paramedics arrive.]

( I was introduced to “My Responder App” which I find the function of locating the nearest AED super useful.)

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InjuriesKey Points to Note
Head InjuryDo not shift or move victim unless in danger.
Heat DisordersHelp to move victim to a cool place, during severe cases, wrap the victim in cool wet sheet until body temperature falls to 38 degree Celsius.
Fits/Convulsion/
Seizure/Epilepsy
Do not put hard objects in the victim’s mouth, try to prevent victim from injuring himself/herself.
FaintingRiase legs to improve blood flow to brain.
Diabetic EmergenciesIf victim has low blood sugar, provide surgery drinks or sweets to victim.
Stroke“FAST” (F for Face, A for Arms, S for Speech, T for Time) helps you to determine if the person is having a stroke.
ChokingAbdominal thrust for victims whom you are certain that they are choking. Chest thrust is to be performed on obese or pregnant victims.
HyperventilationDue to hyperventilation, there will be deficiency of carbon dioxide in the body. Do not use a paper bag to breathe in exhaled air again.
BleedingDirect pressure should be applied on the wound. Tourniquet is the last resort.
FracturesAn open fracture refers to a fracture in which there is an open wound or break in the skin near the site of the broken bone. Using a splint to secure to body part helps to reduce pain.
Soft Tissue Injuries“RICE” (R for rest, I for ice, C for compression, E for elevate)
BurnsWrap casualty with a big sheet of wet material if available and lie him/her on the ground and roll him/her.
Heart AttackOccurs when one of the coronary arteries is blocked by cholestorl deposits and/or blood clots. Place casualty in a comfortable position and assist him/her with own medication (if available).
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Practical

Bandages: You will be taught how to use a triangular bandage and a roller bandage. For triangular bandage, you will be required to learn how to make a broad and narrow bandage, how to tie a reef knot and how to make an arm sling and an elevation sling.

Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is no longer a must. However, one can still perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if one is comfortable with it. Elbows should be locked, only heels of palm should be touching victim to direct force towards lower part of sternum.

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Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
PurposeTo be performed with CPR to increase the chances of survival during a sudden cardiac arrest.
FunctionIt detects and analyses the heart rhythm to prompt the operator whether defibrillation is required. When a shockable rhythm (Ventricular Fibrillation) is detected, shock will be advised.
RecommendationThe usual AED is recommended for use on children above the age of 8 and the weight requirement is at least 25 kg.
AED DangersExclude AED dangers, namely metal, water and gas, before setting up AED.
Chest PreparationCut/remove clothing > Move necklaces away from the path between the pads > Shave hair at pads areas if necessary > Dry wet chest > Remove medication patches > Place pads four fingers away from Pacemaker (if applicable).
Placement of PadsThe electrode pads are to be placed one to the right below the collar bone and another below the left nipple.
Arrival of ParamedicsTo report the estimated duration of CPR performed and the number of shock given to the victim. To ask paramedics for the hospital which the victim will be sent to, and return AED to owner.

Save lives, be a first aider 🙂

Stay Safe,
PinkOlifant

it’s time to go (taylor swift): 中文翻译

it’s time to go (该走了)
作词 / lyricist:
taylor swift (泰勒·斯威夫特) and aaron dessner
作曲 / composer:
aaron dessner

When the dinner is cold and the chatter gets old
当你的晚餐都凉了, 话也淡了
You ask for the tab
你举手买单
Or that moment again, he’s insisting that friends
或又是那相同的瞬间, 当他坚持说
Look at each other like that
那是普通朋友会给对方的眼神

When the words of a sister come back in whispers
当好姐妹的话语传到你耳中
That prove she was not in fact what she seemed
证明了她不是你心中的摸样
Not a twin from your dreams
不是你梦中的双生
She’s a crook who was caught
而是个披着羊皮的骗子

That old familiar body ache
那如旧患般的熟悉酸痛
The snaps from the same little breaks in your soul
你的灵魂传来了相同的断裂声
You know when it’s time to go
你知道是时候离开了

Twenty years at your job
维持了二十年的工作
Then the son of the boss gets the spot that was yours
职位却被老板的儿子替代了
Or trying to stay for the kids
或是, 为了孩子而留下
When keeping it how it is will only break their hearts worse
但知道保持现状只会把他们伤得更深

That old familiar body ache
那如旧患般的熟悉酸痛
The snaps from the same little breaks in your soul
你的灵魂传来了相同的断裂声
You know when it’s time to go
你知道是时候离开了

Sometimes giving up is the strong thing
有时放弃是坚持
Sometimes to run is the brave thing
有时逃离是勇敢
Sometimes walking out is the one thing
有时唯有离开
That will find you the right thing
才能让你前往对的地方

Sometimes giving up is the strong thing
有时放弃是坚持
Sometimes to run is the brave thing
有时逃离是勇敢
Sometimes walking out is the one thing
有时唯有离开
That will find you the right thing
才能让你前往对的地方

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Fifteen years, fifteen million tears
十五年, 一千五百万滴眼泪
Begging ’til my knees bled
跪求至双膝淌血
I gave it my all, he gave me nothing at all
我付出了全部, 他却什么也没给我
Then wondered why I left
还想不通我为何离开

Now he sits on his throne in his palace of bones
如今登上宝座, 坐享骸骨遍地的宫中
Praying to his greed
向自己的贪婪祈祷, 崇拜自己的无厌
He’s got my past frozen behind glass
即使他将我的过往冻结
But I’ve got me
而我拥有着此刻的自己

That old familiar body ache
那如旧患般的熟悉酸痛
The snaps from the same little breaks in my soul
我的灵魂传来了相同的断裂声
I know when it’s time to go
我知道是时候离开了

Sometimes giving up is the strong thing
有时放弃是坚持
Sometimes to run is the brave thing
有时逃离是勇敢
Sometimes walking out is the one thing
有时唯有离开
That will find you the right thing
才能让你前往对的地方

Sometimes giving up is the strong thing
有时放弃是坚持
Sometimes to run is the brave thing
有时逃离是勇敢
Sometimes walking out is the one thing
有时唯有离开
That will find you the right thing
才能让你前往对的地方

That will find you the right thing
带你前往对的地方
And you know in your soul
于你的灵魂深处, 你知道
And you know in your soul
于你的灵魂深处, 你知道
When it’s time to go
当离开的时候到了
You know, you know, you know, you know
你知道, 你知道, 你知道, 你知道
When it’s time to go
何时该离开
So then you go
你便离开了
Then you go
你就走了
You just go
一走了之了…

Translated by PinkOlifant & Kyotoshiode.
– – –

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天生一对(曹杨): English Translation

曹杨 (Young)
天生一对 (Meant To Be)
作词 / Lyricist:唐小奕
作曲 / Composer:曹杨 (Young), 李汪哲 (Chavy Lee)

阳光让空气 充满了香气
The lovely sunshine has perfumed the air
初夏的回忆 满满都是你
You filled up my early summer memories
咖啡的秘方 用心的惊喜
From the secret recipe of coffee,
To the time spent behind all the sweet surprises
你在我身边 我才像我自己
I’m only my true self when I am with you

你转身做鬼脸的傻气
Throwing me silly faces as you turn around
是我最想要珍惜
Your adorableness is what I want to cherish the most
你倔强逞强的坏脾气
Your stubborness, your obstinacy,
Your little bad tempers
除了我还有谁会轻轻去抱你
Besides me, who else will go over and gently embrace you?

谁说天生一对 就一定甜到腻
Who says that if we were meant to be, we must be sickly-sweet?
柠檬糖化了才是在乎你
The deepest love should last beyond the melting of a lemon candy
我们肩并著肩 不说话也默契
Side by side, no words are needed with our telepathy
彩虹挂在身后的墙壁
On the wall behind us, a rainbow hangs warmly

你说天生一对 还是需要勇气
You said that even if we were meant to be, courage is still a need
不是谁都有幸福的权利
Not everyone is blessed with the right to love freely
只有我们懂得 棒棒糖的意义
The meaning of a lollipop, only we will know it
你是我唯一不离不弃
I know you will always stand by me

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杯子是杯垫 存在的意义
A cup is the reason for a coaster
努力的动力 唯一就是你
You are the reason for my motivation
街角的霓虹 循环的单曲
Neons of streets, singles on repeat
我说有了你 我才是我自己
I said that I’m only my true self with you beside me

你转身做鬼脸的傻气
Throwing me silly faces as you turn around
是我最想要珍惜
Your adorableness is what I want to cherish the most
你倔强逞强的坏脾气
Your stubborness, your obstinacy,
Your little bad tempers
除了我还有谁会轻轻去抱你
Besides me, who else will go over and gently embrace you?

谁说天生一对 就一定甜到腻
Who says that if we were meant to be, we must be sickly-sweet?
柠檬糖化了才是在乎你
The deepest love should last beyond the melting of a lemon candy
我们肩并著肩 不说话也默契
Side by side, no words are needed with our telepathy
彩虹挂在身后的墙壁
On the wall behind us, a rainbow hangs warmly

你说天生一对 还是需要勇气
You said that even if we were meant to be, courage is still a need
不是谁都有幸福的权利
Not everyone is blessed with the right to love freely
只有我们懂得 棒棒糖的意义
The meaning of a lollipop, only we will know it
你是我唯一不离不弃
I know you will always stand by me

杯子是杯垫 存在的意义
A cup is the reason for a coaster
努力的动力 唯一就是你
You are the reason for my motivation
街角的霓虹 循环的单曲
Neons of streets, singles on repeat
我说有了你 我才是我自己
I’m only my true self when I’m with you

你说天生一对 还是需要勇气
You said that even if we were meant to be, courage is still a need
不是谁都有幸福的权利
Not everyone is blessed with the right to love freely
只有我们懂得 棒棒糖的意义
The meaning of a lollipop, only we will know it
你是我唯一不离不弃
I know you will always stand by me

Translated by PinkOlifant.

Happy Valentine’s Day, my love!

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Citizenship Ceremony

Finally, I have received the letter (hard copy) to attend my Citizenship Ceremony. FYI, I renounced my previous citizenship in Oct 2019, everything was pushed back due to COVID-19.

For those who wish to have a peek at the letter, here it is:

Front
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Back
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Do note the stringent dress code required and remember to bring (a) the letter and (b) your identity card / identity card collection slip!

Unfortunately for those of us who are attending the ceremony in the midst of COVID-19, we will not be provided with any food or drinks, heard from my parents who attended years back that the food was not bad :/

In any case, stay safe everyone, and hope that everything is well for you 🙂

PinkOlifant

champagne problems (taylor swift): 中文翻译

champagne problems (香槟的忧愁)
词曲 / songwriters:taylor swift (泰勒·斯威夫特) and william bowery [pseudonym of joe alwyn(乔·阿尔文)]
制作 / producer:taylor swift (泰勒·斯威夫特) and aaron dessner

You booked the night train for a reason
订了夜班车的你,一定有你的理由
So you could sit there in this hurt
好让自己与伤痛独处
Bustling crowds or silent sleepers
乘客熟睡的安宁与繁忙人群的喧嚣
You’re not sure which is worse
你不确定哪个更糟

Because I dropped your hand while dancing
因为我在跳舞的时候松开了你的手
Left you out there standing
留你在外独自站着
Crestfallen on the landing
心如刀割地站着
Champagne problems
都是些如香槟般的华丽忧愁
Your mom’s ring in your pocket
你口袋装着你母亲的戒指
My picture in your wallet
你皮夹夹着我的照片
Your heart was glass, I dropped it
你的心如玻璃 我却放了手
Champagne problems
都是些如香槟般的华丽忧愁

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You told your family for a reason
告诉你的家人的理由
You couldn’t keep it in
是因为兴奋的你藏不住喜悦
Your sister splashed out on the bottle
你的妹妹开启了香槟 气泡喷洒了一地
Now no one’s celebrating
但现在连一个庆祝的人都没有

Dom Pérignon, you brought it
你带了唐培里侬
No crowd of friends applauded
却没有任何一个朋友祝贺
Your hometown skeptics called it
镇里的人都议论着说
Champagne problems
只不过是些香槟般的华丽忧愁
You had a speech, you’re speechless
准备了感言的你无语了
Love slipped beyond your reaches
爱情从你十指间溜走了
And I couldn’t give a reason
而我却一个理由都给不出
Champagne problems
都是些如香槟般的华丽忧愁

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Your Midas touch on the Chevy door
你的迈达斯之手触碰了雪佛兰的门
November flush and your flannel cure
十一月匆匆的经过, 你的衣裳让我取暖
“This dorm was once a madhouse”
“这个宿舍曾经是个疯人院”
I made a joke, “Well, it’s made for me”
我开了个玩笑说”这疯人院是精心为我制造的”
How evergreen, our group of friends
我们的朋友,多么努力保持最新消息的他们
Don’t think we’ll say that word again
那个词,再也不会有人说出口了
And soon they’ll have the nerve to deck the halls
不久后,他们就会有那个胆去重新布置
That we once walked through
我们曾经一起走过的大厅
One for the money, two for the show
一是为了钱 二是为了秀
I never was ready so I watch you go
我从来都没有准备好,所以我才会选择看着你走
Sometimes you just don’t know the answer
有时候你就是不懂答案是什么
‘Til someone’s on their knees and asks you
直到他向你下跪的那瞬间
“She would’ve made such a lovely bride
What a shame she’s fucked in the head,” they said
他们说:”只可惜,她不懂在想什么,不然她肯定会做个好新娘”
But you’ll find the real thing instead
但是终究你会找到真正的她
She’ll patch up your tapestry that I shred
她也会修补我所撕破的挂毯

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And hold your hand while dancing
跳舞的时候她会抓紧你的手
Never leave you standing
不让你独自一人在外站着
Crestfallen on the landing
心如刀割地站着
With champagne problems
都是些如香槟般的华丽忧愁
Your mom’s ring in your pocket
你口袋装着你母亲的戒指
Her picture in your wallet
你皮夹会夹着她的照片
You won’t remember all my
你不会记得我那些
Champagne problems
如香槟般的华丽忧愁

You won’t remember all my
你不会记得我那些
Champagne problems
如香槟般的华丽忧愁…

Translated by Kyotoshiode & PinkOlifant.
– – –

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